Overview of Chapter 8 of ASU

After defending his entitlement theory of justice and engaging in intellectual combat with John Rawls in Chapter 7 of Anarchy, State, and Utopia (ASU), Nozick will explore other theories of equality in Chapter 8. But before we jump into this chapter, let’s take a look at its overall structure and organization. Chapter 8 is titled “Equality, Envy, Exploitation, Etc.” and poses the following practical and philosophical question: What, if anything, should we do about income inequality? The chapter is divided into eleven separate subsections as follows:

  • Equality (pp. 232-235)
  • Equality of opportunity (pp. 235-238)
  • Self-esteem and envy (pp. 239-246)
  • Meaningful work (pp. 246-250)
  • Workers’ control (pp. 250-253)
  • Marxian exploitation (pp. 253-262)
  • Voluntary exchange (pp. 262-265)
  • Philanthropy (pp. 265-268)
  • Having a way over what affects you (pp. 268-271)
  • The nonneutral state (pp. 271-274)
  • How redistribution operates (pp. 274-275)

In our view, Chapter 8 is well worth reading or re-reading, as the case may be, for it is the most timely and relevant part of this book in this age of global markets and gross income inequality …

Image result for the state nozick
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