That is the title of our short letter published in today’s issue of the journal Science (pictured below). Briefly, we propose extending the common law tort of fraudulent misrepresentation to research fraud published in academic journals. By the way, we also recently blogged about the (remote?) possibility that academic institutions themselves could be legally liable for any research fraud committed by their researchers under the well-established legal theory of vicarious liability. (See our blog post dated 12 Sept. 2015.) We will have more to say about the law and economics of research fraud in future blog posts.